Cleaning Our Oceans: Part 1 - Plastics

The shipping industry has always been conservative and slow to change and this is understandable. We are responsible for the world’s global trade and economies depend on us to grow and prosper as we move goods around the world.

However… That should not stop us from doing whatever we can to save and protect our oceans and the life under the surface that we use for our trade routes.

Pollution is the presence in or introduction into the environment or substance or thing that has harmful or poisonous effects. The two biggest polluters of our oceans are plastic and toxic materials, usually liquids or sludge. Both are man-made and require a larges sustained effort to revert our oceans to pre-industrial age form.

From the tiniest plankton to the largest whales, plastics impact nearly 700 species in our ocean.

Plastic has been found in more than 60% of all seabirds and in 100% of sea turtles species, that mistake plastic for food. And when animals ingest plastic, it can cause life-threatening problems, including reduced fitness, nutrient uptake and feeding efficiency—all vital for survival. Every year, 8 million metric tons of plastics enter our ocean on top of the estimated 150 million metric tons that currently circulate our marine environments.

-Oceanconservancy.org

Volunteer groups around the world participate in beach and river cleanups. Land-based humans, responsible for plastic pollution, are upstream from plastics in the ocean and rivers are the primary source of delivering plastics from land to the ocean.

Different from toxic materials dumped into the sea by ships, plastics are not a problem created by the shipping industry. However, the seafarers that crew our ships see plastics on the ocean all the time, some resembling floating islands.

The Ocean Cleanup and Maersk working together
Photo Credit: The Ocean Cleanup

Maersk, the world’s largest container shipping company, is to be commended for doing its part, working with The Ocean Cleanup, to help rid the ocean of the estimated five trillion pieces of plastic in the ocean. They also are active in river clean-up and have recently done volunteer work on the Nile, one of the 10 rivers contributing 90% of the plastic in the ocean, setting an example for other shipping companies.

Billed as the largest ocean cleanup in history, The Ocean Cleanup, (theoceancleanup.com), whose goal is to remove 90% of floating ocean plastic by 2040. Maersk, one of the sponsors of the project, launched the Ocean Cleanup System trial System 001 last in September year when it was installed by the ocean tug Maersk Launcher. System 001 had some learning opportunities and even

The Problems with Scrubbers

As a shipowner and operator of a commercial shipping fleet, the IMO 2020 regulations required us at Seatrek to make a decision on how to comply with its 0.5% sulphur emissions cap. Seatrek had to choose between finding and using IMO compliant 0.5% fuels or installing scrubbers.

The Seatrek Team has been researching IMO compliant fuels for a long time and we are always looking for the cleanest most efficient and affordable fuel, we have chosen not to use scrubbers for cleaning our ship's emissions and don’t believe scrubbers are a safe alternative to 0.5% fuel oil.

Recent failures at sea show that scrubbers remain untested technology when faced with various sea conditions. Adding additional complex mechanical equipment to a ship’s already complicated systems is a potential recipe for unwanted safety issues. Engine failure or fire at sea is a possibility, risking the ship, its cargo and its crew. It’s a big issue, some shipping companies are having problems operating the scrubbers and have to put additional manpower onboard.

Another issue is scrubber waste products and their disposal. There are basically two waste streams produced by scrubbers. One can be put back to sea, the other cannot. Exhaust gas is "scrubbed" with water, which when sprayed through the rising exhaust, causes the sulfur to dissolve in the water. It is permissible for ships to discharge wash water that contains sulfates, once the water has been treated for acidity, turbidity and other factors. So in reality, scrubbers keep sulphur emissions from the air only to deposit them in the ocean. Advocates of scrubbers say that is negligible but it is still pollution.

What can’t be put back in the ocean is the second waste stream...sludge. The scrubbing also removes particles such as soot, incompletely burned oil, traces of heavy metals and ash. The sludge separated from the water treatment cannot be discharged or incinerated at sea. It has to be kept onboard for land disposal in a port. Ships in the cruise industry have already been caught dumping the sludge at port, not even waiting to dump at sea. This will be a critical issue moving forward as IMO 2020 is kicked off as some ships will inevitably dump sludge when at sea. What can be done to regulate proper disposal of scrubber sludge as thousands of ships install scrubbers to save costs? Time will tell.

IMO 2020 is Here!

Seatrek supports IMO 2020 and believes the whole shipping industry should as well. The IMO has a huge responsibility in making sure the shipping industry does its part to reduce sea and air pollution, not just oversea but overland. As responsible shipowners, we need to support this world organization and comply with the lowest sulfur fuel available to us. The new sulfur limit of 0.5% is not the floor; we need to push for fuels that contain 0.1% and less.

At Seatrek, this belief reflects a long-time family commitment. Seatrek was founded by a second-generation shipping company owner, Asifur Chowdhury. His father Sanaullah Chowdhury, Founder of Atlas Shipping was the first Bangladeshi ocean-crossing vessel shipowner in his country. The passion for shipping and the sea passed from father to son.

As important as shipping and the sea are to Asifur, he wants his legacy to include being about helping to bring a positive sea change from within the industry, one that will lead to true green shipping in the future. This includes new fuels that will lead to a massive reduction of pollution, new engines with greater efficiency, removal of plastics from the ocean, and true green ship recycling. Asifur believes his father would want to be part of these changes, too, and wishes he were here to be a part of it — so much so that he has dedicated a ship recycling think tank to his name known as atlasinitiative.org.

Since shipping evolved from sail to coal to bunker fuel, little thought or attempt to reduce emissions has been made until recently. In the early days, no one really understood the shipping industry’s inherent danger to human health and the environment. In international waters, ship emissions have been the least regulated part of global transportation, where the world’s 15 largest ships emitted more SOx than 760 million cars. Still, it took the creation of the IMO to regulate an industry that to date has been a significant part of the global pollution problem. Seatrek wants to join IMO as part of the solution.

Here’s why: A reduction in the limit for sulfur in fuel oil used on board ships will have tangible global health benefits, particularly for populations living close to ports and major shipping routes. The IMO estimates 570,000 lives will be saved from 2020 to 2025 just by following the 2020 sulfur-reduction mandate. IMO’s directive is not just about the pollution of the air above the sea and the ocean, it’s about the whole earth. In addition to saving lives, the IMO 2020 mandate will reduce acid rain impacting our food supply and so much more.

One of the areas that will be the most positively impacted by the IMO mandate is the Asia-Pacific region, home of Singapore-based Seatrek. That, of course, is important to us. At home, and wherever we travel, Seatrek is committed to our industry and the leadership of its future.

IMO 2020’s mandate to reduce sulphur is not just about the pollution of the air above the sea and the ocean, it’s about the whole earth. In addition to saving lives, the IMO 2020 mandate will reduce acid rain impacting our food supply and more.

Seatrek is committed to our industry and its future and plans to be a part of shipping’s eco-friendly sea change. Click here to read more about our green initiatives.